validate ip address using regex

The code snippet below will check if the passed string is a valid IP address or not .
An Internet Protocol address (IP address) is a numerical label assigned to each device participating in a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication. Read more about IP address here. This snippet will validate IP version 4 addresses.

/**
 * validate IP address
 * @param String IP address to verify
 * @return Boolean result
 */
public static Boolean isIP(String input) {
    if (input!= null && !input.isEmpty()) {
        //Regex
        String regex = "^((25[0-5])|(2[0-4]\\d)|(1\\d\\d)|([1-9]\\d)|\\d)(\\.((25[0-5])|(2[0-4]\\d)|(1\\d\\d)|([1-9]\\d)|\\d)){3}$";
        //check if input matches the regex
        if (text.matches(regex)) {
            // valid ip
            return true;
        } else {
            // invalid ip
            return false;
        }
    }
    // invalid input
    return false;
}  

 

Certification For Open Source Hardware Announced 

Today at the Open Hardware Summit in Portland, Alicia Gibb and Michael Weinberg of the Open Source Hardware Association (OSHWA) launched the Open Source Hardware Certification program. It’s live, and you can certify your own hardware as Open Hardware right now
http://hackaday.com/2016/10/07/certification-for-open-source-hardware-anounced/

 

SIMCOM SIM800H change in hardware. S2-105HG / S2-10651 , S2-1065N / S2-1065Q

SIMCOM has updated the hardware of SIM800H modules with hardware versions (S2-105HG / S2-10651) due to the fact that the power amplifier chip that these modules used (RF7176) is discontinued from production line. The Firmware also had to be changed due to modifications necessary for operation of the new power amplifier chips.

All the new modules ( with hardware versions(S2-1065N / S2-1065Q) ) will be having the new power amplifier chips namely RF7198. According to SIMCOM this change in hardware wont affect the properties and characteristics of the module.

Please note that:

  • firmware for the new hardware version of module differs from the old version of the firmware. Therefore, a new hardware version module can not be flashed with the firmware for the old hardware version module.
  • firmware image files for the old and new hardware versions will be with different names. Firmware for the old version is designated “1308B06SIM800H32_BT” while the firmware for the new version is designated “1309B06SIM800H32_BT”.

sim800H

Firmware files for SIM800H

All the firmware files can be found at the firmware collection page of this blog. If you want to contribute the files you have you can do so by uploading your files to user uploads section or by emailing me the files you have.

 

 

 

isOnline() check if android device has internet connectivity

What do you want?

Ping for the main name servers

public boolean isOnline() {
    Runtime runtime = Runtime.getRuntime();
    try {
       Process ipProcess = runtime.exec("/system/bin/ping -c 1 8.8.8.8");
        int     exitValue = ipProcess.waitFor();
        return (exitValue == 0);
    } catch (IOException e)          { e.printStackTrace(); } 
      catch (InterruptedException e) { e.printStackTrace(); }
    return false;
}

That’s it! Yes that short, yes it is fast, no it does not need to run in background, no you don’t need root privileges.

Possible Questions

 

USB OTG as an Extra USB Host in Allwinner A10, A20 etc

USB OTG port on Allwinner SoC based boards is a very useful tool. It can be used to flash an image to the flash memory or connect to a Host PC and making the board to act as a device.

Although there are many scenarios where USB OTG is useful, at times it is more useful to have an extra USB HOST on the board. All the settings of hardware configurations of allwinner SoCs are stored in a file named ` script.bin` that is compiled from a text file called fex file.We can learn more about the fex file from Sunxi Wiki in the Fex Guide.

A FEX file defines various aspects of how the SoC works. It configures the GPIO pins and sets up DRAM, Display, etc parameters.

Each line consists of a key = value pair combination under a [sectionheader]. All three, [sectionheader], key and value are case-sensitive. For comments a semi-colon (;) is used and everything following a semi-colon is ignored. The chip does not parse a textual version of a fex file, it gets cleaned and compiled by a fex-compiler. A reverse engineerd open source version exists in the sunxi-tools repository. Also a de-compiler which takes a binary script.bin and creates a textual script.fex. Usually, script.bin can be found on the nanda boot partition on A10 devices.

Changing script.bin file without removing the microSD card

The tools for script.bin changing are located in /opt/sunxi-tools directory:

  # cd /opt/sunxi-tools
  # ./chscr.sh

This will convert script.bin file from sdcard to script.fex file and the file will be opened using nano editor. Now you can change the board modules and parameters, save the changes (“CTRL”+”X”; confirm with “Y”) and exit (“CTRL”+”X” again) from nano editor.

  # ./wrscr.sh

this will convert script.fex to script.bin and the script.bin file will be written to sdcard.

  reboot

Reboot the board and the new settings would be enabled.

Changing script.bin file by removing the microSD card

The biggest part of the board configuration might be edited, changed or improved in a file called script.bin

The script.bin file can usually be found in the main directory of a microSD card prepared with official Debian image. The folder containing the script can be inspected under both Windows, Linux or Mac.

You can’t directly edit binary file so you would need to convert it to text format (it is called fex in this case), then edit the parameters via a text editor and finally switch it back to binary format.

IMPORTANT! ADJUSTING SCRIPT.BIN WITH IMPROPER VALUES MIGHT BREAK YOUR DEBIAN IMAGE AND IT IS ALWAYS RECOMMENDED TO KEEP A BACK-UP OF YOUR DEFAULT SCRIPT.BIN

To convert back and forth the script.bin you might use different tools. You can find Windows tools here: SUNXI TOOLS FOR WINDOWS . For Linux convertors please check the sunxi tools here: SUNXI TOOLS

Editing Fex File for USB OTG

Now open the Fex file and locate the USB section.

;——————————————————————————- 
;[usbc0]:  The configuration of controller 0 
;usb_used: Enable bit. If USB is enabled or not. 1: enable; 0: disable. 
;usb_port_type: Type of USB port. 0:device only;1:host only;2:OTG 
;usb_detect_type: Detect type. 0: Not detect; 1: detect vbus/id; 2: Detect id/dpdm
;——————————————————————————- 
;——————————————————————————- 

;——————————————————————————-
[usbc0]
usb_used = 1 
usb_port_type = 0 
usb_detect_type = 0 
usb_id_gpio = port:PH04<0><1><default><default> 
usb_det_vbus_gpio = “axp_ctrl” 
usb_drv_vbus_gpio = port:PB09<1><0><default><0> 
;usb_restrict_gpio = port:PH00<1><0><default><0> 
usb_host_init_state = 0 
usb_restric_flag = 0 
usb_restric_voltage = 3550000 
usb_restric_capacity= 5

We just need to change usb_port_type from 0 to 1 to make it a USB host.

Converting fex to script.bin:

The following commands are executed at sunxi-tools directory:

$./fex2bin script.fex >script.bin
$sudo cp script.bin /boot/script.bin
$sudo umount /boot
Now restart the board and you can use USB OTG as USB host.
 

Eagle footprint library for Allwinner A10 SoC.

The Allwinner A10 is a family of single-core SoC devices designed by Allwinner Technology from Zhuhai, China. Currently the family consists of the A10, A13, A10s and A12. The SoCs incorporate the ARM Cortex-A8 as their main processor and the Mali 400 as the GPU.

The Allwinner A10 is known for its ability to boot Linux distributions such as Debian, Ubuntu, Fedora, and other ARM architecture-capable distributions from an SD card, in addition to the Android OS usually installed on the flash memory of the device.

Here I am sharing the footprint for Allwinner A10 Soc chip taken from Olimex design.

Capture

 

 

GET request using AT commands SIM800 SIM900

In this post I am writing how to send a GET request using GSM Module with AT commands. It should work with any module and has been tested to work with Sim800 series (SIM800C-DS , SIM800A, SIM800H, SIM800L, SIM800C, SIM800 etc) and Sim900 series (SIM900, SIM900A, SIM900D, SIM900B) of modules from simcom.

 

Raspberry pi Zero launched , SBC priced at $5

This is awesome. The only thing I miss is the LAN interface but at $5 its still amazing. It has Broadcom BCM2835 processor and that also 40% faster than the pi 1 with 512 MB of Ram.

Today, I’m pleased to be able to announce the immediate availability of Raspberry Pi Zero, made in Wales and priced at just $5. Zero is a full-fledged member of the Raspberry Pi family, featuring:

  • A Broadcom BCM2835 application processor
    • 1GHz ARM11 core (40% faster than Raspberry Pi 1)
  • 512MB of LPDDR2 SDRAM
  • A micro-SD card slot
  • A mini-HDMI socket for 1080p60 video output
  • Micro-USB sockets for data and power
  • An unpopulated 40-pin GPIO header
    • Identical pinout to Model A+/B+/2B
  • An unpopulated composite video header
  • Our smallest ever form factor, at 65mm x 30mm x 5mm

Raspberry Pi Zero runs Raspbian and all your favourite applications, including Scratch, Minecraft and Sonic Pi.

RaspberryPi BLOG

 

DIY Bluetooth Speaker!

After weeks of waiting, the parts I needed for a homemade Bluetooth speaker arrived. Pictured above are the PAM8403 amplifier board, Bluetooth module (USB powered with a 3.5mm audio jack), and a couple of 3-watt speakers. The power supply is a 5V 2A power supply I had laying around. All of the project materials amounts […]

https://mwhprojects.wordpress.com/2015/10/17/diy-bluetooth-speaker/

 

Android: How to get MAC address of Ethernet port (not WiFi)

There are some android devices that have an ethernet (LAN) port for example Android STB, Android powered door-phone monitors, etc. The regular way of getting MAC address is as follows

WifiManager manager = (WifiManager) getSystemService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE);
WifiInfo info = manager.getConnectionInfo();
String address = info.getMacAddress();

Not to forget adding the following permission in the AndroidManifest.xml 

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_WIFI_STATE"/>

The above method will give us the MAC address of WiFi. Assuming your Ethernet interface is eth0, to get the MAC address of Ethernet port we have to try opening and reading the file /sys/class/net/eth0/address. This can be Implemented as below.

public static String loadFileAsString(String filePath) throws java.io.IOException{
    StringBuffer data = new StringBuffer(1000);
    BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new FileReader(filePath));
    char[] buf = new char[1024];
    int numRead=0;
    while((numRead=reader.read(buf)) != -1){
        String readData = String.valueOf(buf, 0, numRead);
        data.append(readData);
    }
    reader.close();
    return data.toString();
}

public String getMacAddress(){
    try {
        return loadFileAsString("/sys/class/net/eth0/address")
                .toUpperCase().substring(0, 17);
    } catch (IOException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
        return null;
    }
}